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International Tables For Crystallography - Volume D, Physical Properties Of Crystals 2e
International Tables for Crystallography is the definitive resource and reference work for crystallography and structural science.
Each of the eight volumes in the series contains articles and tables of data relevant to crystallographic research and to applications of crystallographic methods in all sciences concerned with the structure and properties of materials. Emphasis is given to symmetry, diffraction methods and techniques of crystal-structure determination, and the physical and chemical properties of crystals. The data are accompanied by discussions of theory, practical explanations and examples, all of which are useful for teaching.
Volume D is concerned with the influence of symmetry on the physical and tensor properties of crystals and on their structural phase transitions. This role is very important in many different disciplines of the science of materials such as crystallography, elasticity, solid-state physics, magnetism, optics, ferroelectricity and mineralogy, and Volume D deals with all these aspects in a unified way.
The volume is divided into 3 parts:
Part 1: Introduces the mathematical properties of tensors and group representations and gives their independent components for each of the crystallographic groups.
Part 2: Devoted to the symmetry aspects of excitations in reciprocal space: phonons, electrons, Raman scattering and Brillouin scattering.
Part 3: Deals with the symmetry aspects of structural phase transitions and twinning. A prominent feature is the joint description of twinning and domain structures, which are usually presented in completely separate ways in handbooks of physics and mineralogy.
Supplementary software is provided to support and enhance Chapters 1.1 and 1.2 for the determination of irreducible group representations and tensor components, and Part 3 on structural phase transitions.
New to this edition:
This second edition of Volume D features a new chapter (Chapter 1.11) on the tensorial properties of local crystal susceptibilities, by V. E. Dmitrienko, A. Kirfel and E. N. Ovchinnikova. This chapter describes the symmetry and physical phenomena that allow and restrict forbidden reflections excited at radiation energies close to the X-ray absorption edges of atoms. Reflections caused by magnetic scattering are also discussed.
In Part 1, Chapters 1.1 (an introduction to the properties of tensors), 1.2 (on representations of crystallographic groups), 1.3 (elastic properties), 1.5 (magnetic properties) and 1.10 (on tensors in quasiperiodic structures) have been revised. In particular, Chapter 1.5 features a new section on multiferroics by M. Kenzelmann.
Chapter 3.3 on twinning of crystals has been updated and new sections on the effect of twinning in reciprocal space and on the relations between twinning and domain structure have been added. Chapter 3.4 on domain structures has also been updated.
More information on the series can be found at: http://it.iucr.org
Safety Assessment Of Genetically Engineered Fruits And Vegetables
Use of genetically engineered plants for food production has raised many questions about food safety. Scientists, environmentalists, and government regulators have debated safety issues since the advent of genetic engineering. Recently, Calgene, Inc. became the first company to go to the FDA to request its evaluation of what will likely be the first whole food produced using genetic engineering technology: the FLAVR SAVR tomato.
This book outlines Calgene's strategy and approach for obtaining FDA approval, providing a detailed description of information and data necessary to demonstrate the safety of a genetically engineered whole food. The book serves as a model for other organizations attempting to demonstrate safety of their genetically engineered food products. For researchers and faculty, it provides the most extensive data and discussions on engineered foods. The book will provide a valuable resource for students, environmentalists, and others concerned about the use of genetic engineering, demonstrating the exact precision of the technology and its value as a breeding tool for crop development.
A Picture Is Worth A Thousand Tables
This book is devoted to the graphics of patient data: good graphs enabling straight-forward and intuitive interpretation, efficient creation, and straightforward interpretation. We focus on easy access to graphics of patient data: the intention is to show a large variety of graphs for different phases of drug development, together with a description of what the graph shows, what type of data it uses, and what options there are. The main aim is to provide inspiration in form of a graphics cookbook. Many graphs provide creative ideas about what can be done. The book is not intended to be technical. It introduces general principles of good visualization to make readers understand the concepts, but the main focus is on the creativity and usefulness: readers are enabled to browse through the book to get ideas of how their own data can be analyzed graphically.
For additional information visit Editor s companion website: http: //www.elmo.ch/doc/life-science-graphics/"